What is child abuse?

Child abuse can include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse or neglect.


  • Physical abuse is where someone injures or hurts a child - this includes all forms of physical harm.
  • Sexual abuse is where someone makes a child take part in sexual activities, whether or not they use force.
  • Emotional abuse is where adults treat a child badly over time in ways that damage their emotional development, making them feel
    • afraid
    • insecure
    • worthless and unloved
  • Neglect is where adults fail to meet a child's basic needs; this could be by leaving them alone, not sending them to school, not keeping them clean or not providing:
    • food
    • shelter
    • clothing
    • medical care
    • protection from danger

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